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Director of Defence Policy

Haji Adi Ihram bin Dato Paduka Haji Mahmud, assumed the appointment of Director for the Directorate of Defence Policy on 9 November 2017. He is actively involved in enhancing defence diplomacy at the bilateral and multilateral level and contributing to regional defence cooperation through various confidence building initiatives in the ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM) and ASEAN Defence Ministers Plus Meeting (ADMM-Plus). He is currently serving as the ASEAN Defence Senior Officials Meeting Working Group (ADSOM WG) Leader for Brunei Darussalam. Haji Adi Ihram has chaired various committees to foster bilateral defence cooperation, and is responsible for overseeing the signing of MOU’s across different countries so as to meet the defence needs of Brunei Darussalam. In 2016, Haji Adi Ihram co-chaired the ADMM Logistics Support Framework tabletop exercise in Bandar Seri Begawan, facilitated the adoption of the Standard Operating Procedure on establishing a Direct Communications Link (DCL) in the ADMM Process, and successfully negotiated the conclusion of the ADMM Establishment of Logistics Support Framework Manual.

From the years 2014 to 2015, Haji Adi Ihram negotiated the adoption of Brunei Darussalam’s Concept Paper on Establishing a Direct Communications Link (DCL) in the ADMM Process in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; co-chaired the ADMM Workshops on the Establishment of Logistics Support Framework in Bandar Seri Begawan and the Brunei – United Kingdom Joint Defence Working Commission in Bandar Seri Begawan. He has further chaired four ADSOM WG meetings in Bandar Seri Begawan in 2013; co-chaired the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Defence Dialogue in Shanghai, China. His track record extends to chairing the ARF Defence Dialogue in Bandar Seri Begawan, in 2013, co-chairing the Brunei – Australia Joint Defence Working Committee in Canberra, Australia and Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei respectively in 2013, 2015 and 2016. He is also co-chair of the Brunei – U.S Joint Defence Working Committee that has held meetings in both Hawaii and Bandar Seri Begawan.

Prior to 2014, he chaired the Defence White Paper Committee to develop the third defence white paper – ‘Defending the Nations Sovereignty: Expanding Roles and Wider Horizons’ in 2011. Before assuming the position of Acting Director of Defence Policy, Haji Adi Ihram was the Head of Legal Affairs Unit at the Permanent Secretary’s Office, Ministry of Defence from 2003 to 2011 where he played the role as the legal advisor for the Ministry of Defence. Haji Adi Ihram who is a legal graduate from the London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, 1996, was awarded his professional certificate of legal practice from the Legal Profession Qualifying Board, Malaysia in 2006. He took responsibility for ensuring the conclusion of extensive defence and military procurement and service contracts working closely with the advise of the Attorney General Chambers.

Haji Adi Ihram was born in 11 March 1972, is married to Susanna, and blessed with 3 daughters. His interests includes, horseback riding, scuba diving, mountaineering, jungle trekking, chess and reading.

In recognition for his service and with the consents of His Majesty The Sultan And Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, he has been conferred with Pingat Indah Kerja Baik (P.I.K.B) and The Most Blessed Order of Setia Negara Brunei 4th Class (P.S.B)



The Directorate of Defence Policy was formed in 1985. Formerly, it was known as the Directorate of Politics and Organization where it encompassed four main sections namely the Legal Section, Public Relations Section, Research Section and Administration section. In light of the expanding roles of the Directorate, , a decision was made to change the name to the Directorate of Defence Policy in 2004, in the aim for it to be more focused in its roles and to act as a centralised player/coordinator pertaining to defence policy matters for the Ministry of Defence. In the year 2002, the Public Relations section was transformed into a unit and transferred to Office of Permanent Secretary. The same apply to Legal section in 2008.


The vision and mission of the Directorate is aligned to Ministry of Defence’s Mission and Vision. Among the main roles of the Directorate is to promote and enhance defence diplomacy in various level; internationally (UN), regionally (ASEAN and ASEAN Regional Forum) and bilaterally (with friendly countries).

Excellence in Defence Policy and Strategy.

To support decision makers through reliable, accurate, proactive, intelligent (RAPI) policy analysis




  • Enhance Defence Diplomacy at Bilateral and Multilateral Level
  • Increase Contributions to Regional Defence Cooperation
  • Provide Valuable Policy Advices


The Ministry of Defence has been actively involved in regional cooperation especially through ASEAN meetings such as ADMM, ASEAN Working Group and ASEAN Regional Forum. On the multilateral level, cooperation is mainly at the United Nations and in support of its Security Council resolutions, relevant treaties, and conventions.

The roles of Directorate of Defence Diplomacy:

(1)    To enhance defence diplomacy at bilateral and multilateral level. This will entail:
  • MOU with key friendly countries
  • Ensuring continuous interaction with JDWC countries
  • To intensify Brunei’s role & importance in regional and multilateral level

(2)    Increase Contributions to Regional Defence Cooperation, which entails:

  • To ensure an enduring support from all ADMM member countries in Brunei Darussalam’s led initiatives, currently with the implementation of Direct Communications Link,  Logistics Support Framework
  • To promote interaction program for the next generation of leaders among ASEAN military and defence officers, by sustaining the ASEAN Defence Interaction Program
  • To ensure Brunei Darussalam’s continuous participation/support in ADMM EWGs program/initiatives
  • Strengthen our contribution towards regional peace through varied level of preparedness & deployment of troops/assets to areas of conflict/needs

(3)    Provide Valuable Policy Advices. This entail:

  •  Comprehensive coverage of policy advices and recommendations

Defence White Papers can be made downloadable through Directorate of Defence policy’s Page.

For any enquiries, the Directorate of Defence Policy can be reach at the address below:

PHONE No.: 2386374/375/290
FAX No.: 2386872
Email Adress: